Anmol ChemicalsAnmol Chemicals is the pioneer manufacturers of Potassium Chloride, Pharmaceutical Excipients Fragrance & Flavor chemicals in India. We offer Halal and Kosher Potassium Chloride made in an ISO9001:2008, ISO22000:2005 (FSSC22000) and cGMP certified facility. Our group has several manufacturing facilities spread across the world, supported by toll manufacturers and representatives in UAE, Europe, Africa, USA, China and has several associated manufacturing facilities spread across India. All the Information on Physics, Chemistry, Applications, Uses and Technology on Manufacture of Potassium Chloride is in these pages.
The units have one or more of the certifications like FDA GMP, ISO 9001, ISO 22000, HACCP, REACH, Kosher & Halal

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Potassium Chloride Manufacturers, KCl - MOP

Synonyms: Potassium Monochloride, Cloruro de Potasio, Cloruro Potasio
The corresponding Mineral is Muriate of Potash or MOP
CAS No 7447-40-7, EC EINECS No 231-211-8, Molecular Weight 74.5, Chemical Formula KCl

Arabic كلوريد البوتاسيوم مصنعين
German Kaliumchlorid hersteller
Dutch kaliumchloride fabrikanten
Italian  Produttori di cloruro di potassio
English potassium chloride manufacturers
Spanish Fabricantes de cloruro de potasio
French Fabricants de chlorure de potassium
Portuguese Fabricantes de cloreto de potssio

For MSDS Sheet Click Potassium Chloride GHS SDS, MSDS Sheet of Manufacturers

Drum Packing Palletized Drum Packing 25-50kg or 55lbs bags. Paletized and Shrink Wrapped. Exports to USA UAE Europe South Africa Tanzania Kenya Egypt Uganda Turkey Brazil Chile Argentina Dubai. Jumbo Bag Packing Potassium Chloride BP IP USP ACS Analytical Reagent FCC Food Grade Manufacturers

Potassium Chloride
Commercial & Pure Industrial Grade Non MOP
IP BP Ph. Eur. USP ACS AR LR FCC Food Grade KCl

Potassium Chloride

Potassium Chloride Technical Grade
Specification Technical
KCl Dry Basis Assay (DBA) 98% min KCl Potassium Chloride
K2O 60% min
Iron 100 ppm
Matter insoluble in water 0.1% max
Moisture % by Wt. Max. 1%

Potassium Chloride Pure used as a Potassium source, in electroplating, etc.

Specification Our Guaranteed
Percent by wt. 99% (KCl) Potassium Chloride
Iron 10 ppm
Sodium Chloride 1%
Matter insoluble in water 0.05%
Sulphate 0.05%
Heavy metals as Lead 5 ppm
Hydroxides .01%
Calcium 0.02%
Magnesium 0.05%
Moisture % by Wt. Max. 1%

INDIAN PHARMACOPOEIA

POTASSIUM CHLORIDE IP

(KCl) MOLECULAR WEIGHT __.__
Particulars Potassium Chloride IP Grade
Dry Basis Assay (KCl) 99.0% Potassium Chloride
Description White, crystalline powder, odorless.
Solubility Freely soluble in water; sparingly soluble in ethanol (95%).
Matter Insoluble in Water Clear & colorless solution (10% KCl w/w).
Acidity or Alkalinity Passes the Test
Barium Passes the Test
Arsenic 1 ppm max.
Iron 20 ppm max.
Calcium & Magnesium Passes the Test
Sulphate 300 ppm max.
Heavy Metals 10 ppm max.
Bromide 0.1%
Iodide Passes the Test
Loss on Drying 1.0% max.
Packing In 50 Kgs. HDPE bags with double HMHDP liners or as required.

We offer Potassium Chloride IP Potassium Chloride BP Potassium Chloride USP and Potassium Chloride Ph. Eur. from a world class FDA approved, ISO-9001-2008 Certified facility.

Potassium Chloride BP USP
Potassium Chloride ACC Food grade FCC
Potassium Chloride BP USP IP ACS FCC Food Grade

Potassium Chloride General Information

The chemical compound potassium chloride (KCl) also known as MOP is a metal halide salt composed of potassium and chlorine. In its pure state it is odorless. It has a white or colorless vitreous crystal, with a crystal structure that cleaves easily in three directions. Potassium chloride crystals are face-centered cubic. It is also commonly known as "Muriate of Potash" MOP. Potash varies in color from pink or red to white depending on the mining and recovery process used. White potash, sometimes referred to as soluble potash, is usually higher in analysis and is used primarily for making liquid starter fertilizers. It is used in medicine, scientific applications, food processing and in judicial execution through lethal injection. It occurs naturally as the mineral sylvite and in combination with sodium chloride as sylvinite.

Chemical properties

It can react as a source of chloride ion. As with any other soluble ionic chloride, it will precipitate insoluble chloride salts when added to a solution of an appropriate metal ion:

KCl(aq) + AgNO3(aq) → AgCl(s) + KNO3(aq)

Although potassium is more electropositive than sodium, potassium chloride (KCl) can be reduced to the metal by reaction with metallic sodium at 850C because the potassium is removed by distillation (see Le Chatelier's principle):

KCl(l) + Na(l) → NaCl(l) + K(g)

This method is the main method for producing metallic potassium. Electrolysis (used for sodium) fails because of the high solubility of potassium in molten potassium chloride (KCl).

As with other compounds containing potassium, potassium chloride (KCl) in powdered form gives a lilac flame test result.

Physical properties

KCl has a crystalline structure like many other salts. Its structure is face-centered cubic. Its lattice constant is roughly 630 picometers.

In chemistry and physics it is a very commonly used as a standard, for example as a calibration standard solution in measuring electrical conductivity of (ionic) solutions, since carefully prepared KCl solutions have well-reproducible and well-repeatable measurable properties.

Solubility of KCl in various solvents (g KCl / 100 g of solvent at 25C)
H2O 36
Liquid ammonia 0.04
Liquid sulfur dioxide 0.041
Methanol 0.53
Formic acid 19.2
Sulfolane 0.004
Acetonitrile 0.0024
Acetone 0.000091
Formamide 6.2
Acetamide 2.45
Dimethylformamide 0.0170.05

Precautions

Orally, KCl is toxic in excess; the LD50 is around 2500 mg/kg (meaning that a lethal dose for 50% of people weighing 75 kg (165 lb) is about 190 g (6.7 ounces), or about 38 teaspoons). Table salt is about as toxic. Intravenously this is reduced to just over 100 mg/kg, but of more concern are its severe effects on the cardiac muscles; high doses can cause cardiac arrest and rapid death, ergo its aforementioned use as the third and final drug delivered in the lethal injection process.

Manufacture/Extraction

Potassium chloride ( salt )occurs naturally as sylvite, and it can be extracted from sylvinite. It is also extracted from salt water and can be manufactured by crystallization from solution, flotation or electrostatic separation from suitable minerals. It is a by-product of the making of nitric acid from potassium nitrate and hydrochloric acid.

Uses

The majority of the salt produced is used for making fertilizer, since the growth of many plants is limited by their potassium intake. As a chemical feedstock it is used for the manufacture of potassium hydroxide and potassium metal. It is also used in medicine, scientific applications, food processing, as a sodium-free substitute for table salt (sodium chloride), and in judicial execution through lethal injection. It is sometimes used in water as a completion fluid in oil and gas operations. Also, as an alternative to sodium chloride in household water softener units. It is useful as a beta radiation source for calibration of radiation monitoring equipment because natural potassium contains 0.0118% of the isotope 40K. One kilogram of KCl yields 16350 becquerels of radiation consisting of 89.28% beta and 10.72% gamma with 1.46083 MeV. It makes up 70% of Ace Hardware's allegedly pet and vegetarian friendly "Ice Melt" though inferior in melting quality to calcium chloride (0F v. -25F). It is also used in Dasani water.

It was once used as a fire extinguishing agent, used in portable and wheeled fire extinguishers. Known as Super-K dry chemical, it was more effective than sodium bicarbonate-based dry chemicals and was compatible with protein foam. This agent fell out of favor with the introduction of potassium bicarbonate (Purple-K) dry chemical in the late 60s, which was much less corrosive and more effective. Rated for B and C fires.

KCl is also an optical crystal with a wide transmission range from 210 nm to 20 m. It was formerly often used in the infrared spectrum range, and still is from time to time. While cheap, KCl crystal is hygroscopic. This limits its application to protected environments or short term uses such as prototyping. Exposed to free air KCl optics will "rot". Today, much tougher crystals like ZnSe have replaced it for IR spectral range applications.

Optical data of KCl :
Transmission range: 210 nm to 20 m
Transmittivity = 92% @ 450 nm and rises linearly to 94% @ 16 m
Refractive Index = 1.456 @ 10 m
Reflection Loss = 6.8% @ 10 m (two surfaces)
dN/dT (expansion coefficient)= −33.210−6/C
dL/dT (refractive index gradient)= 4010−6/C
Coefficient of absorption: 0.001 cm−1
Thermal conductivity = 0.036 W/(cmK):
Damage threshold (Newman & Novak): 4 GW/cm2 or 2 J/cm2 (0.5 or 1 ns pulse rate)
Damage threshold (Kovalev & Faizullov)= 4.2 J/cm2 (1.7 ns pulse rate)

It has also been used to create heat packs which employ exothermic chemical reactions, but these are no longer being created due to cheaper and more efficient methods such as the oxidation of metals ('Hot Hands', one time use products) or the crystallization of sodium acetate (multiple use products).

A very bulk use of Potassium chloride is in mines and Oil Drilling mud and chemicals.

Biological and medical properties

Potassium is vital in the human body and oral KCl is the common means to replenish it, although it can also be diluted and given intravenously (of course, in concentrations much lower than those used in executions). It can be used as a salt substitute for food, but due to its weak, bitter, unsalty flavor, it is usually mixed with regular salt (sodium chloride), for this purpose to improve the taste (for example, in Morton Lite Salt. Medically it is used in the treatment of hypokalemia and associated conditions, for digitalis poisoning, and as an electrolyte replenisher. Brand names include K-Dur, Klor-Con, Micro-K, and Kaon Cl. Side effects can include gastrointestinal discomfort including nausea and vomiting, diarrhea and bleeding of the digestive tract. Overdoses cause hyperkalemia which can lead to paresthesia, cardiac conduction blocks, fibrillation, arrhythmias, and sclerosis.

Dr. Jack Kevorkian's thanatron machine injected a lethal dose of potassium chloride into the patient, which caused the heart to stop functioning, after a sodium thiopental-induced coma was achieved. A similar device, the German 'Perfusor', also uses potassium chloride as a suicide aid.

Potassium Chloride - Clinical Pharmacology

For Clinical Pharmacology please check drug.com

Please visit our Potassium Hydroxide Pellets Flakes Powder Wallnut Briquettes page.

Potassium Chloride BP IP FCC USP Food Grade manufacturers at:

Anmol Chemicals
S-8, SARIFA MANSION, 2ND FLANK ROAD, CHINCHBUNDER, MUMBAI 400009, INDIA
TEL: (OFFICE) 91-22-23770100, 23726950, 23774610, 23723564. FAX: 91-22-23728264

e-mail: anmolc@mtnl.net.in

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Product Links: Ammonium Chloride-----Sodium Acetate----- Zinc Chloride-----Calcium Chloride